Urpm-tools are partially based on yum-utils but significantly extends their functionality. For convenience, utilities from urpm-tools have similar names as their analogues from yum-utils and the same options for the same actions.
1. Add media where the newest version of urpm-tools can be found.
For 32-bit system run:
sudo urpmi.addmedia akirilenko_personal http://abf.rosalinux.ru/downloads/akirilenko_personal/repository/rosa2012lts/i586/main/release/
For 64-bit system run:
sudo urpmi.addmedia akirilenko_personal http://abf.rosalinux.ru/downloads/akirilenko_personal/repository/rosa2012lts/x86_64/main/release/
2. Install urpm-tools package
sudo urpmi urpm-tools
List of Tools
|urpm-downloader||download binary, source or debuginfo packages with all dependencies (this tool combines functionality of yum-downloader and debuginfo-install from yum-utils)|
|urpm-package-cleanup||manage package cleanup - look for duplicates and outstanding dependency problems|
|urpm-repoclosure||detect unresolved dependencies in repository|
|urpm-repodiff||compare two or more repositories, returns a list of added, removed or changed packages|
|urpm-repograph||generate a full package dependency graph for repository in dot format|
|urpm-repomanage||analyze a directory of rpm packages, return a list of newest or oldest packages|
|urpm-reposync||synchronize with remote repository (analogue of distrosync from yum-utils)|
For completeness, one should note that some possibilities provided by yum-utils and other auxiliary yum tools are already supported by urpmi & co.:
|Yum Tool||Urpmi analogue||Description|
|yum-builddep||urpmi --buildrequires||install packages required to build given SRPM (using the package itself or its spec file)|
|createrepo||genhdlist2||create repository from a set of packages|
|repoquery||urpmq||query repository for package information (in the similar way like rpm queries local rpmdb)|
See also: Package Manager Options
A tool for downloading RPMs from Urpmi repositories
urpm-downloader.py [-h] [-u] [-r] [-a] [-b] [-s] [-d] [-D] [--version] [-v] [-q] [--include-media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...]] [--exclude-media EXCLUDE_MEDIA [EXCLUDE_MEDIA ...]] [-x EXCLUDE_PACKAGES [EXCLUDE_PACKAGES ...]] [-i] [-o] [--all-alternatives] [--all-versions] [--dest-dir DEST_DIR] packages [packages ...] positional arguments: packages Package name(s) to download. It can contain not only package names, but (S)RPM files too. In this case package name extracted from this file will be used optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -u, --urls Instead of downloading files, list the URLs that would be processed -r, --resolve When downloading RPMs, resolve dependencies and also download the required packages, if they are not already installed -a, --resolve-all When downloading RPMs, resolve dependencies and also download the required packages, even if they are already installed -b, --binary Download binary RPMs -s, --source Download the source RPMs (SRPMs) -d, --debug-info Download debug RPMs -D, --debug-info-install Download debug RPMs and install --version show program's version number and exit -v, --verbose Verbose (print additional info) -q, --quiet Quiet operation. --include-media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...], --media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...] Use only selected URPM media --exclude-media EXCLUDE_MEDIA [EXCLUDE_MEDIA ...] Do not use selected URPM media -x EXCLUDE_PACKAGES [EXCLUDE_PACKAGES ...], --exclude-packages EXCLUDE_PACKAGES [EXCLUDE_PACKAGES ...] Exclude package(s) by regex -i, --ignore-errors Try to continue when error occurs -o, --overwrite If the file already exists, download it again and overwrite the old one --all-alternatives If package dependency can be satisfied by several packages, download all of them (by default, only the first one is downloaded) --all-versions If different versions of package present in repository, process them all --dest-dir DEST_DIR Specify a destination directory for the download If none of the options -b, -s, -d turned on, it will be treated as -b
Find problems in the rpmdb of system and correct them.
The tool can perform the following actions:
- Look for situation when multiple versions of the same package are installed; the tool can automatically uninstall all versions except the latest one.
- There is a separate check for kernel packages; it takes into account running kernel and never tries to uninstall it, and in addition allows to specify number of kernels that should be left in the system.
- Look for installed packages that are not available in any configured repository (this is just a wrapper for `urpmq --not-available`).
- Look for installed packages that have unmet dependencies.
- List "leaf" nodes in the local RPM database. Leaf nodes are RPMs that are not relied upon by any other RPM.
urpm-package-cleanup.py [-h] [--qf QF] [--auto] [--version] [--orphans] [--update] [--media media [media ...]] [--excludemedia media [media ...]] [--problems] [--suggests] [--dupes] [--cleandupes] [--noscripts] [--leaves] [--all] [--leaf-regex LEAF_REGEX] [--exclude-devel] [--exclude-bin] [--oldkernels] [--count KERNELCOUNT] [--keepdevel] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --qf QF, --queryformat QF Query format to use for output. --auto Use non-interactive mode --version show program's version number and exit Orphans Options: --orphans List installed packages which are not available from currently configured repositories --update Use only update media. This means that urpmq will search and resolve dependencies only in media marked as containing updates (e.g. which have been created with "urpmi.addmedia --update"). --media media [media ...] Select specific media to be used, instead of defaulting to all available media (or all update media if --update is used). No rpm will be found in other media. --excludemedia media [media ...] Do not use the specified media. Dependency Problems Options: --problems List dependency problems in the local RPM database --suggests List missing suggestions of installed packages Duplicate Package Options: --dupes Scan for duplicates in your rpmdb --cleandupes Scan for duplicates in your rpmdb and remove older --noscripts disable rpm scriptlets from running when cleaning duplicates Leaf Node Options: --leaves List leaf nodes in the local RPM database --all list all packages leaf nodes that do not match leaf- regex --leaf-regex LEAF_REGEX A package name that matches this regular expression (case insensitively) is a leaf --exclude-devel do not list development packages as leaf nodes --exclude-bin do not list packages with files in a bin dirs as leaf nodes Old Kernel Options: --oldkernels Remove old kernel and kernel-devel packages --count KERNELCOUNT Number of kernel packages to keep on the system (default 2) --keepdevel Do not remove kernel-devel packages when removing kernels
A tool to check dependency closure in the repository.
urpm-repoclosure.pl --hdlist=hdlist.txt urpm-repoclosure.pl --hdlist=http://mirror.yandex.ru/mandriva/.../synthesis.hdlist.cz urpm-repoclosure.pl --dir=rpms/ --static --file-deps=file-deps.txt urpm-repoclosure.pl --list=list.txt --dynamic OPTIONS: -h|-help Print this help. -v|-version Print version information. -hdlist <path> Path or URL of HDlist (synthesis) to check. -d|-dir <path> The directory with RPM packages to check. -l|-list <path> The list of packages to check. -file-deps <path> Read file-deps to ignore some unresolved dependencies. -s|-static Check statically if all required dependencies are satisfied by provided dependencies in the set of RPM packages. -dynamic Install a set of RPM packages to the local chroot and check if extra packages were installed. -r|-check-release Check installation media (DVD). -sign|-check-signature Validate package signatures. -noclean Do not clean urpmi cache. -root <path> Where to install packages. Default: /tmp/... EXIT CODES: 0 - Suceess. The tool has run without any errors non-zero - Failed or the tool has run with errors. In particular: 1 - Failed to run the tool 2 - Discovered dependency problems
Take 2 or more repositories and return a list of added, removed and changed packages.
urpm-repodiff.py [-h] --old OLD_REPO [OLD_REPO ...] --new NEW_REPO [NEW_REPO ...] [--size] [--simple] [--quiet] [--html] [--output OUTPUT_FILE] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --old OLD_REPO [OLD_REPO ...], -o OLD_REPO [OLD_REPO ...] URL or PATH to old repositories --new NEW_REPO [NEW_REPO ...], -n NEW_REPO [NEW_REPO ...] URL or PATH to new repositories --size, -s Show differences in package sizes. --simple Simple output format. --quiet, -q Hide service messages. --html Output in HTML format, if --output is not present HTML will be created in current directory. --size and --simple options are ignored. --output OUTPUT_FILE, -out OUTPUT_FILE Change standart output to "OUTPUT_FILE".
Generate a full package dependency graph for repository in dot format
urpm-repograph.py [-h] [--cross CROSS_REPO [CROSS_REPO ...]] [--quiet] [--verbose] [--requires] [--suggests] [--file] [--unprovided] [--requires-recursive PKG | --whatrequires PKG] [--loops | --alternatives | --broken] [--different] [--output OUTPUT_FILE | --nograph] REPOSITORY positional arguments: REPOSITORY URL or local PATH to repository. optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --cross CROSS_REPO [CROSS_REPO ...], -c CROSS_REPO [CROSS_REPO ...] Search for cross-repository references in CROSS_REPO(s) repositories. --quiet, -q Hide service messages. (About progress status etc.) --verbose, -v Show warnings. (About unprovided packages etc.) --requires, -r Process "requires" package dependencies. Used by default. --suggests, -s Process "suggests" package dependencies. If used without --requires then only suggests dependencies are processed. --file, -f Process file dependencies. --unprovided, -u Show unprovided dependencies. --requires-recursive PKG Search for packages, which are required by package PKG (PKG is a file name or package name) --whatrequires PKG Search for packages, which requires package PKG (PKG is a file name or package name) --loops, -l Search for all simple loops of cycled dependecies. --alternatives, -a Search for alternative packages providing the same feature. --broken, -b Search for all broken packages and anything beetween them --different, -d Output each loop or each alternative in different file. Ignored if --loops or --alternatives options are not present. OUTPUT_FILE (if present) is tracted as folder name for new files in that case. --output OUTPUT_FILE, -o OUTPUT_FILE Change graph output to "OUTPUT_FILE". STDIN by default. --nograph, -n Do not output graph. Tool will not start working if --quiet, --nograph are present and --verbose is not. (If there is nothing to output - then nothing has to be done.)
Manage a directory of rpm packages and report newest or oldest packages
urpm-repomanage.py [-h] [-o | -n | -b] [-r] [-s] [-k KEEP] [-c] [-q | -V] path manage a directory of rpm packages and report newest or oldest packages positional arguments: path path to directory with rpm packages optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -o, --old print the older packages -n, --new print the newest packages (this is the default behavior) -b, --obsolete print obsolete packages -r, --remove-old remove older packages -s, --space space separated output, not newline -k KEEP, --keep KEEP number of newest packages to keep - defaults to 1 -c, --nocheck do not check package payload signatures/digests -q, --quiet be completely quiet -V, --verbose be verbose - say which packages are decided to be old and why (this info is dumped to STDERR)
Synchronize installed package base with remote repository
urpm-reposync.py [-h] [--include-media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...]] [--exclude-media EXCLUDE_MEDIA [EXCLUDE_MEDIA ...]] [-v] [-q] [-a] [-p] [-d] [-r] [-c] [-k] [--runselftests] [--detailed] reposync is used to synchronize a set of packages on the local computer with the remote repository. optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --include-media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...], --media INCLUDE_MEDIA [INCLUDE_MEDIA ...] Use only selected URPM media --exclude-media EXCLUDE_MEDIA [EXCLUDE_MEDIA ...] Do not use selected URPM media -v, --verbose Verbose (print additional info) -q, --quiet Quiet operation. Senseless without --auto. -a, --auto Do not ask questions, just do it! -p, --printonly Only print the list of actions to be done and do nothing more! -d, --download Only download the rpm files, but install or remove nothing. -r, --remove Remove all the packages which do not present in repository. By default, only some of them would be removed. -c, --check Download packages and check wether the ycan be installed to your system, but do not install them. -k, --nokernel Do nothing with kernels. --runselftests Run self-tests end exit. --detailed Show detailed information about packages are going to be removed or installed (why does it have to be done)