ABF Getting Started
Terms and Definitions
- ABF — a distributed environment to build distributions, supporting all steps from managing source code to creating ISO images.
- Project — software source code, documentation and other artifacts accompanied by meta-information necessary to build and distribute the software product as a package.
- Group — users working on the same project. ABF allows to manage access privileges on both per-user and per-group levels.
- Platform — a group of repositories to be handled as a single entity. Such groupings are useful for creating different products from the same set of packages.
- Repository — a set of packages grouped together according to certain criteria: main packages, auxiliary packages, non-free software, etc.
- Product — ISO image of a distribution built on the basis of some platform.
In ABF, project stands for a union of software source code, documentation and other artifacts accompanied by meta-information necessary to build and distribute the software product as a package.
Creating a new project
Go to the Projects page and press the New Project button (one can also create a new project just pressing the New Project button on the main page).
The following page will appear:
Please fill the following values for your project:
- Name — project name (without space characters);
- Description — short project description (optional);
- Owner — choose who will own the project - you by yourself or some group;
- Note: you can create a project owned by group only if you are creator of the group or its administrator. If you are not creator or administrator of any group, there will be no choise for you in this field
- Visibility — if the project should be public or private (visible only for users explicitly allowed to access it);
On this page you can also import SRPM package for you project - just click the 'Choose' button and choose the file to import.
Now press the 'Save' button and your new project will be created. Source code from your SRPM package will be available in ABF git repository in the import branch.
Forking an existing project
One can create a clone of a project that already exists in the system by forking it. (Note that different users/groups can have a project with the same name).
In order to create a fork, look for the project name using ABF web interface:
Choose the project you want to fork and click on its name. You will see a page with project description.
In order to clone the project source code, just use the git repository URL displayed under the main menu (if you are not project owner or developer, this URL will allow you to only checkout the source code, but not to commit your changes back).
In order to create a project fork in ABF, press the "Fork" button. ABF will ask for confirmation and after you press 'OK' you will obtain a completely independent copy of the project, so you will be able to modify it as you wish and to build it inside your own repository.
Now you can see your fork of the project in the Projects section which contains all projects of your own and projects where you are participating.
In order to transform project source code into a package that can be published to the repository, you should Build the project.
Go to the Projects section and choose the project you want to build.
Click on its name and then go to the Builds section.
In order to build the project, press the New build button.
For the new build you should specify the following parameters:
- Version — a list of available versions which is formed from the following values:
- last commit of every branch in the git repository (represented as latest_<branch_name>)
- all tags of the git repository;
- Platform — a set of repositories; if you are going to publish package only in your own repository, then you can build the project for multiple platforms - e.g., for RosaNPP and ROSA 2012 LTS;
- Update type — indicates importance of project update for end users. Can be one of security, bugfix, enhancement, recommended and newpackage;
- Build with all the required packages - choose this if you also want to rebuild all packages that depend on the current one (rebuild all reverse dependencies). Using this possibility allows to guarantee that the repository is consistent and can be completely rebuilt at any time;
- Architecture - target hardware architecture. Currently we have build bots for i586 and x86_64;
- Repository for package storage — repository where resulting package(s) will be publish if the build succeeds. In order to build package for repository of some platform, your project should be added there by platform administrator.
- Automated publishing - automatically publish the package in repository if the build succeeds. If this parameter is not set, then the package will be built but not published; but you may still publish it later.
When all values are set, press the Build button and the project build will be launched.
You can monitor the builds in the Task monitoring section.
This page displays all building projects which are accessible by you.
Possible build status values include:
- Build pending — the build is waiting in the queue;
- Build started — the build has been started;
- Build error — package build failed; take a look at build log for details;
- Build complete — the package has been built successfully;
- Build is being published — the package is built and waiting in the publishing queue.
- Publishing error — the package has been built but some error occurred during its publishing. You can try to publish the package later.
- Build has been published — the package has been successfully published in the repository.
You can use filters on this page to sort out projects according to certain criteria.
If you want to get detailed information about some task, just click on its ID:
Detailed task information will be displayed such as user who launched the build, build parameters, packages, current status and so on.
After the build is completed, you will find detailed build logs on this page.
If the build completed successfully but the packages were not published to repository, this page will also provide you with Container path - address of a container with created packages. You can use this container as a usual repository.
Working with source code using Git
Source code for all projects is stored in the Git repository. To work with repository, you should know its URL which can be seen at the project page in ABF Web UI under the main menu.
The following Git commands will be useful for the basic repo management:
- Get the code:
git clone <repo_address>
- you will be asked for a password of your ABF account; in case when you are cloning a public project, you can just enter an empty password.
- Checkout particular branch:
git checkout <branch_name>
- Commit the changes:
git commit -a -m “commit_summary”
- Add all new files you have created locally to the project repository:
git add --all
- Push the changes to ABF:
- you will be asked for a password of your ABF account; in order to push the changes to server, you should have appropriate permissions
- Get the latest code copy from the server:
These commands should be enough to start working with ABF.